Common Shot Ingredients + Their Benefits
in alphabetical order:
ARTICHOKE EXTRACT - Substances in artichoke extract have been shown to work similarly to statin medications in lowering blood cholesterol. Some promising research suggests that artichoke extract may be able to lower LDL cholesterol by 23% over a six week period. Artichoke appears to be safe with no known drug-herb interactions, but may cause allergic reaction in sensitive people or if you have an allergy to ragweed.
VITAMIN B1: THIAMINE - Vitamin B1 supports cellular energy production and nerve conduction. Restricted diets, excessive alcohol intake, malnutrition, and malabsorption syndromes are some of the common causes of vitamin B1 deficiency that can lead to irritability, depression, nausea, peripheral neuropathy, constipation, loss of appetite, mental confusion, loss of fine motor control, and muscle weakness. A component of B-Complex.
VITAMIN B2: RIBOFLAVIN - Vitamin B2 is essential for cellular energy production and respiration. Deficiency may cause depression, dizziness, photophobia, and dermatitis. It may be beneficial in relieving headache, migraine, and acne rosacea. A component of B-Complex.
VITAMIN B3: NIACIN/NIACINAMIDE - Vitamin B3 is needed for cellular energy. It helps release energy from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Clinical signs of early deficiency include muscle fatigue, indigestion, depression, insomnia, headache, and skin issues. Exercise caution if you are pregnant or breastfeeding or have any of the following conditions: gallbladder disease, gout, arterial bleeding, glaucoma, diabetes, impaired liver function, or peptic ulcer. Contraindicated in liver failure. A component of B-Complex.
VITAMIN B5: DEXPANTHENOL - Dexpanthenol acts as a precursor to coenzyme A. It supports adrenal function, stimulates wound healing, and may help relieve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, lower cholesterol, and reduce platelet stickiness. It is contraindicated with hemophilia as it may exacerbate bleeding. A component of B-Complex.
VITAMIN B6: PYRIDOXINE - This “anti-stress vitamin” is important for a healthy immune system, nervous system, and cardiovascular system. It aids in metabolism, heme (blood) synthesis, and neurotransmitter production. Supplementation may benefit learning disorders including ADHD, aid in weight loss, stabilize blood sugar, promote healthy skin, balance the mood (as it is needed in the formation of serotonin, dopamine and other neurotransmitters), prevent kidney stone formation, atherosclerosis and fatigue, alleviate nausea due to pregnancy and menopause, and reduce symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, as well as PMS including breast tenderness, cramps, anxiety and depression. It is especially indicated for athletes — pre-exercise for an energy boost or post-exercise for its anti-inflammatory effects — and women with PMS symptoms, as it helps alleviate cramps and menstrual migraines quickly. Some research suggests that B6 may lower the risk of colon cancer. Together with vitamin B12 and Folic Acid, it may help reduce homocysteine levels (elevated levels can lead to cardiovascular disease and is a risk factor for Alzheimer’s Disease). Deficiency can be caused by excessive alcohol intake and use of birth control pills. High dose vitamin B6 should be combined with synergistic B vitamins to ensure adequate levels of all the B vitamins, preventing imbalances or deficiencies in any one of the B vitamins. Greater than 250-300 mg per day may eventually cause sensory nerve damage leading to numbness in the hands and feet as well as walking difficulties. Its use is contraindicated with the medication L-Dopa (Levodopa) in patients with Parkinson’s Disease, as well as with Tetracycline, as it may diminish the effectiveness of these medications. A component of B-Complex.
VITAMIN B7: BIOTIN - Biotin is also known as vitamin H or coenzyme R. It is essential for the metabolism of carbohydrate and fat and can help address high blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes, and may be helpful in maintaining healthy hair, skin and nails. Biotin plays a role in energy metabolism and has been used to treat alopecia (hair loss), cancer, Crohn’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, peripheral neuropathy, seborrheic dermatitis, and vaginal candidiasis. No toxicity has been reported with biotin intake.
VITAMIN B8: INOSITOL - Inositol is sometimes known as vitamin B-8, although its status as a B vitamin is unclear. It is a naturally occurring nutrient usually classified as a carbocyclic polyol. It plays a major role in preventing the collection of fats in the liver, as well as promoting healthy hair growth. It aids in efficient processing of nutrients into the conversion of energy, which in turn helps the body to maintain a healthy metabolism. It may help serotonin production, which controls mood and appetite, and may help with stress and conditions such as panic disorder, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), psoriasis, insomnia, and hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol). There are no reports of inositol induced toxicity. Caution in people with bipolar depression.
VITAMIN B9: FOLATE - This B vitamin is needed to produce blood cells and other new tissue cells. Folate function is necessary to help prevent neural tube defects during pregnancy and accumulation of homocysteine, which is a toxic metabolic byproduct linked to cardiovascular disease and connective tissue abnormalities.
VITAMIN B12: METHYLCOBALAMIN - We use only bioactive vitamin B12, meaning that the body doesn’t have to convert it to a form that’s available for the body to utilize. Bioactive B12 affects brain function directly. B12 plays an important role in red blood cell formation, brain and nervous system function, and immune system regulation. It’s known to help increase energy, boost metabolism, support weight loss, lower homocysteine levels (elevated levels can lead to cardiovascular disease and is linked to increased risk of Alzheimer’s Disease), enhance mood, provide mental clarity, promote deeper sleep, and improve stamina. It may benefit pernicious anemia, multiple sclerosis, diabetic nerve damage, alcoholic polyneuropathy, neurological disorders, peripheral neuropathy, shingles, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, headache, migraine, and hangover. There is some evidence that intramuscular injections of B12 given twice weekly may improve the general well-being of people with complaints of fatigue. Some evidence suggests that B12 in combination with fish oil (EPA/DHA) may be superior to fish oil alone when used to reduce total serum cholesterol and triglycerides. Studies have shown that a deficiency of B12 can lead to abnormal neurologic and psychiatric symptoms. Deficiency symptoms may include ataxia (shaky movements and unsteady gait), muscle weakness, spasticity, incontinence, hypotension (low blood pressure), vision problems, dementia, psychoses, mood disturbances, irritability, depression, megaloblastic anemia, peripheral neuropathy, and increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. People most at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency include vegetarians and vegans (or those who do not consume any or much red meat), elderly people, people with inflammatory intestinal conditions, those who have had intestinal resection at the terminal ileum, those who use (or have used prolonged courses of) substances and medications such as nicotine, aspirin, antibiotics, birth control pills, Metformin, ACE inhibitors, H2 blockers (acid blockers such as Tagamet® and Pepcid®), and PPIs (proton pump inhibitors, including Prilosec®, Prevacid®, Nexium®, etc), as well as those who have increased B12 requirements such as with pregnancy, thyrotoxicosis, hemolytic anemia, hemorrhage, malignancy, or liver or kidney disease. Injections of B12 act better therapeutically than oral supplementation (which relies on healthy digestion, Intrinsic Factor, and gut tissue for proper absorption at the terminal ileum) and IV solutions (where much of B12 gets excreted quickly by the kidneys). Vitamin B12 should not be taken concurrently with Tetracycline, and may exacerbate active acne and other dermatologic concerns including, but not limited to, rash and pruritus (for this reason, B12 is not part of our Complexion Confection specialty shot for skin health). It should be used with caution in those with subnormal serum levels of potassium and gout, or elevated levels of uric acid.
B-COMPLEx: B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 - This is a combination of vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacinamide), vitamin B5 (dexpanthenol), and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine). All B vitamins help the body convert carbohydrates into glucose, which is “burned” to produce energy. B vitamins are essential in the breakdown of fats and protein in food, and play an important role in maintaining muscle tone lining the digestive tract and promoting the health of the nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, and liver. In regards to B3, caution should be taken for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, and individuals with gallbladder disease, gout, arterial bleeding, glaucoma, diabetes, impaired liver function, as well as peptic ulcer. Contraindicated in those with hemophilia (B5), liver disease (B3) and those taking the medication L-Dopa/Levodopa (B6).
L-CARNITINE - This bioactive amino acid optimizes energy production by maintaining coenzyme A at optimal levels for normal metabolism and energy production. It has been reported to reduce the adverse metabolic effects of certain illnesses. It is important for fat metabolism, as it is involved in carrying fat into the muscles and burning it as fuel. Taking carnitine before a workout prompts your body to use more fat during the session, which is why it’s a component of the Hot Shot which is highly recommended to do before a workout. Studies suggest that carnitine enhances blood flow to exercising muscles and increases lean muscle mass and strength.
CHOLINE - This nutrient helps the liver process, waste, and excrete fat, helping to lower cholesterol and reduce risk of gallstones. It appears to work in concert with the amino acid methionine. Recent studies suggest choline may help prevent memory loss associated with aging. It has been shown to protect the liver from certain types of damage, and can help reverse damage that has already occurred. Additionally, it may help lower homocysteine levels associated with cardiovascular disease, and may offer protection against some types of cancers. Choline is a part of your daily diet and is rich in certain foods including beef, eggs, and broccoli. The tolerable upper intake level of choline was set at 3.5 g per day by the Food and Nutrition Board. An intake of more than 3.5 g in those with kidney or liver disease may cause adverse side effects. Treatment with supplemental choline may exacerbate symptoms of depression and should be avoided by people suffering from depression unless otherwise recommended by their medical professional. People with Parkinson’s disease should not use choline supplements, as it may result in severe adverse effects such as worsened disease symptoms, liver toxicity and low blood pressure.
CHROMIUM - This essential mineral plays an important role in optimizing insulin function, regulating blood glucose levels, and lowering cholesterol. Insufficient levels can increase your risk for many debilitating chronic diseases including metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. By improving your body’s insulin sensitivity, it may indirectly help to reduce body fat, increase muscle mass, and improve concentration. If you have kidney or liver disease, do not take chromium without talking to your doctor first. Since chromium may affect blood sugar levels, it’s crucial that anyone taking diabetes medications, like insulin, only use chromium under the care of a medical doctor. Chromium may also interact with medicines like antacids, acid reflux drugs, corticosteroids, beta-blockers, insulin, and NSAID painkillers. These interactions may cause the chromium to be poorly absorbed or amplify the effect of the other medicine. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should not take chromium supplements. Some experts recommend that no one should take more than 200 mcg/day without medical advice.
VITAMIN D3 The body can synthesize vitamin D from cholesterol with the help of the kidneys when sun exposure is adequate, which is why it’s coined the “sunshine vitamin.” Vitamin D deficiency is associated with bone disease and bone loss. Supplementation with vitamin D is used for conditions of the heart and blood vessels, including high blood pressure and high cholesterol, as well as for diabetes, muscle weakness, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, COPD, asthma, bronchitis, PMS, and tooth and gum disease. It’s also used for boosting the immune system, preventing autoimmune disease as well as cancer. Vitamin D should be taken cautiously in those with serious kidney disease, atherosclerosis, sarcoidosis, histoplasmosis, hyperparathyroidism, and lymphoma, as it may increase calcium levels too much and cause complications.
ENGYSTOL® A homeopathic combination drug which has been scientifically proven to significantly reduce the duration and severity of symptoms during an acute viral infection and help protect from subsequent infections. It is used for immune support against symptoms of flu, including fever, body aches and chills, as well as asthma and herpetic outbreaks. Active ingredients: Asclepias vincetoxicum 6X, 10X, 30X; Sulphur 4X, 10X. Inactive ingredient: Sterile isotonic sodium chloride solution. Pregnancy Category C*
GLUTATHIONE (“The Rockstar Antioxidant”) This is perhaps one of the most important components of overall health yet discovered, commonly known as “The Master Antioxidant” with masterful anti-aging benefits. It is a valued detoxification and protective agent, binding to toxins such as heavy metals (especially mercury), solvents, and pesticides, and transforming them into a form that can be excreted in urine or bile. It activates the immune system, regulates Nitric Oxide (dilates arteries), and plays a fundamental role in DNA synthesis and repair. It has been shown to provide protection against some forms of cancer and inhibit cancer growth in studies, and may reduce or eliminate tissue damage in patients with liver disease and toxicity. Oral glutathione has limited absorption. However, administration by injection (or via nebulizer) is remarkable. When given intravenously, as in a “push,” glutathione improves liver and brain function and is used for memory enhancement, dementia, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, neuropathy and liver disease including Hepatitis. It also may benefit cataracts, glaucoma, alcoholism, asthma, heart disease, high cholesterol, AIDS, chronic fatigue syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, osteoarthritis, diabetes, COPD, allergies, chemical sensitivities, IBS and IBD including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
GLYCINE - This naturally occurring amino acid is a constituent of most proteins and an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. It is known to have calming effects and it has been shown to improve the quality of sleep. Glycine should be avoided in those with bipolar disorder.
GREEN TEA EXTRACT (EGCG) - Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCg) is the major catechin found in green tea. Increasing evidence has suggested that EGCg exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-cancer effects, especially hormone-related cancers such as breast and prostate cancers. Its potential health benefits include cancer chemoprevention, improving cardiovascular health, enhancing weight loss, protecting the skin from damage caused by ionizing radiation, lowering blood glucose levels, and decreasing anxiety. It may also have anti-fungal properties.
L-LYSINE - This essential amino acid is a necessary building block for all protein in the body. L-Lysine plays a major role in calcium absorption, building muscle protein, recovering from surgery or sports injuries, and the body’s production of hormones, enzymes and antibodies. Studies have found that lysine may be beneficial for those with herpes simplex infections.
MAGNESIUM - This mineral may help resolve symptoms of acute asthma, as it acts as a powerful bronchodilator. It also helps to lower blood pressure, relax muscles (both skeletal and smooth muscle), reduce pain, and has been shown to decrease risk of kidney stones when taken with vitamin B6. Its use has shown to be effective for reducing and eliminating leg cramps, muscle twitches, menstrual cramps, migraines and tension headaches. Contraindicated with severe renal impairment or heart block.
METHIONINE - This essential amino acid may help lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver’s production of lecithin. It helps metabolize fat, reduce liver fat, promote cleansing of heavy metals, protect the kidneys, and prevent disorders of the hair, skin and nails. Methionine is needed to make SAMe (S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine), which acts as a methyl donor in many biochemical pathways including detoxification and the creation of neurotransmitters, cartilage, and glutathione. Methionine may worsen active liver disease and supplementation should be avoided by those with liver problems, as well as those suffering from schizophrenia.
SELENIUM - Dietary selenium comes from nuts, cereals, meat, mushrooms, fish, and eggs and is necessary, along with zinc, to convert the thyroid hormone T4 to T3. Selenium has attracted attention because of its antioxidant properties. Antioxidants protect cells from damage. There is some evidence that selenium supplements may reduce the odds of prostate cancer. Selenium may interact with antacids, chemotherapy drugs, corticosteroids, niacin, cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, and birth control pills.
SPASCUPREEL® - A homeopathic combination drug indicated for the temporary relief of muscle spasm and cramping anywhere in the body including abdominal cramps, intestinal colic, spasms of the gall bladder and urinary tract, menstrual cramps, spasmodic cough, and smooth musculature spasm. May also benefit cluster and tension headache. Active ingredients: Aconitum napellus 6X, Ammonium bromatum 4X, Colocynthis 4X, Atropinum sulphuricum 6X, Gelsemium sempervirens 6X; Magnesia phosphorica 6X, Veratrum album 6X 1.1 mcl; Passiflora incarnata 2X, Chamomilla 3X, Agaricus muscarius 4X, Cuprum sulphuricum 6X. Inactive ingredient: Sterile isotonic sodium chloride solution. Pregnancy Category C*
TAURINE - An amino acid that’s important in the metabolism of fats. It’s essential for cardiovascular function, and the development and function of skeletal muscle, the retina and the central nervous system. Taurine crosses the blood-brain barrier and works as an inhibitory neurotransmitter and may help those with hyperactivity, ADD, ADHD, and other conditions associated with the nervous system. It has been shown to possibly prevent obesity by regulating adipose (fat) tissue, prevent epileptic seizures, protect against toxicity of various substances including lead and cadmium, prevent oxidative stress induced by exercise, and may be beneficial for the prevention of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease by reducing the secretion of apolipoprotein B100 and lipids in HepG2 cells. Taurine supplementation has shown to lower blood cholesterol and reduce weight in young overweight adults, making it a great topper for the Hot Shot!
TRAUMEEL® Due to its immuno-modulatory, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-edematous and anti-exudative effects on tissues, this homeopathic combination drug is indicated for the treatment of various musculoskeletal disorders and injuries including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gouty arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. It helps relieve muscle pain, bruising and inflammation associated with injuries such as sprains and contusions, joint pain, degenerative processes due to acute trauma, repetitive or overuse injuries, and aches and pains associated with backache and muscular aches. Also benefits tension headache and headache associated with neck ache and overuse injuries of the cervical spine. Active ingredients: Arnica montana, radix 2X, Belladonna 2X, Calendula officinalis 2X, Chamomilla 3X, Millefolium 3X, Hepar sulphuris calcareum 6X, Symphytum officinale 6X, Aconitum napellus 2X, Bellis perennis 2X, Mercurius solubilis 6X, Hypericum perforatum 2X, Echinacea 2X, Echinacea purpurea 2X, Hamamelis virginiana 1X. Inactive ingredient: Sterile isotonic sodium chloride solution. Pregnancy Category C*
ZEEL® - A homeopathic combination drug indicated for the relief of mild to moderate arthritic pain, osteoarthritis, and joint stiffness. It helps control inflammation and reduce stiffness, improving joint mobility. Active ingredients: Arnica montana, radix 4X, Rhus toxicodendron 2X, Dulcamara 3X, Symphytum officinale 6X, Sulphur 6X, Sanguinaria canadensis 4X, Cartilago suis 6X, Embryo suis 6X, Funiculus umbilicalis suis 6X, Placenta suis 6X, α-Lipoicum acidum 8X, Coenzyme A 8X, Nadidum 8X, Natrum oxalaceticum 8X. Inactive ingredient: Sterile isotonic sodium chloride solution. Pregnancy Category C*
ZINC - Zinc is an essential mineral necessary for white blood cell function and it acts as a catalyst in the immune system’s killer response to foreign bodies. Zinc also helps with lipid metabolism and digestion, and helps the conversion of T4 into T3 (thyroid hormones that can be low in hypothyroidism). It is required for proper sense of taste and smell.